EBOOK READ Durability in Construction: Traditions and Sustainability in 21st Century Architecture

Failure of early 20th Century efforts to suspend brick and stone a steel frame was caused by the uneconomical practice of being dependent on that cladding s completion before interior work steel frame was caused by the uneconomical practice of being dependent on that cladding s completion before interior work proceed2 Extruded clay blocks used in monolithic single leaf masonry see Porotherm that can increase the insulation value of masonry while allowing a simultaneous depth for traditional detailing reveals corbels pediments etc The drawback to this means of construction besides its relative lack of availability in America is its dependence on plastered exterior finished *and relative height restrictions3 The replacement of brick and stone load bearing masonry * relative height restrictions3 The replacement of brick and stone load bearing masonry monolithic walls featuring filled cavities to be constructed either with in situ concrete or rammed earth4 Further efforts to use partially compromised brick load bearing masonry details of esteryear Kahn FLW German mid century architecture etc which are susceptible to water damage through the introduction of insulation which limits the ability the expel moisture from the structural walls in cold weather climate through interior heatingUntil these forms of construction become widespread traditional architecture that aspires to be both historically accurate and technically logical is confined to wood frame and shingle construction as this is the one form of construction which can accommodate both contemporary performance standards and traditional detailing The minor or major exception to this is window treatments which can hardly longer be constructed of such thin and gracefully proportioned casements of single pane glass without arousing the tyranny of code inspectorsIf one is looking for various alternative resources on the technical aspects of traditional architecture I would suggest the podcast lectures available from Notre Dame s School of Architecture which include in depth discussions from various authors in this book. Ationist s Perspective on Traditional and Contemporary Building Practices; Lucien Steil A New Culture of Building Sustainable Wall Systems for Durable Buildings Built with Healthy Affordable and Ecological Materials; Jorge Hernandez Durability Stewardship and Sustainability The Coral Gables Museum; Jose Cornelio Da Silva Sic Transit Gloria Mundi Reflections on Durability in Construction; David Mayernik Practical Dreaming Bearing Wall Masonry in the Real World; Pedro Godoy Maria Sanchez Durability in Construction A Guatemalan Report; Duncan Stroik Firmitas et Venustas; Krupali Krusche Using Technology for the Benefit of Tradition Lessons Learned from the Neumarkt Development Dresden; Thomas Norman Rajkovich Of Stonemasons Painters and Sculptors; Luis Trelles Vernacular Architecture; Steve Mouzon The Lovability Dilemma; Steven Semes The City of Continuity vs The City of Contrast Historic Preservation New Traditional Architecture and Sustainabili. Failure as long as our cities maintain a historical architectural fabric to anchor them into a recognizable place In my opinion this tolerace is because a vast swath of society doesn t understand that the traditional stone and brick buildings they cherish are simply unfeasible within the current IECC codes and further are not economical for developers since the difficulty of building with permanence does not often translate to profitability So in that sense the public has become the major loser of does not often translate to profitability So in that sense the public has become the major loser of architecture as the beauty and cultural identity to be seen in the durability of construction at the street level has been sacrificedThis book makes its argument in a COUPLE DIFFERENT WAYS THERE ARE SOME ESSAYS FROM VARIOUS different ways There are some essays from various that articulate this predicament in depth There are built examples from various countries that demonstrate these traditional practices in action There are modestly technical descriptions of projects that wade in the murky waters of building codes and planning commission politics Unfortunately this is a topic that reuires in depth technical discussion because technology is ultimately the means that must validate this way of architectural thinking and since the attack on traditional architecture has always been waged on a functionaltechnological front it s this same front in which traditionalists must fight back to gain traction within code standardsFrom my vantage point I see 3 or 4 prescriptive paths offered in this book for building durable solid architecture with a natural and timeless materiality1 Using load bearing stone and brick masonry as an INDEPENDENT facade system in which self supporting water absorbent heavymasonry is tied to a concrete or steel frame This allows the building to be topped out and weather sealed BEFORE the external facade has been finish which allows interior work to proceed and speed up construction time The. Uine spirit of stewardship with regard to the environment and the making of sustainable buildings and citiesContentsLeon Krier Preface; Richard Economakis Introduction Durability in Construction; Michael Lykoudis Durability and the Culture of Building Cities; Samir Youns The Enduring and the Sustainable; John Simpson Building to Last; Richard Sammons Longevity Detailing and Method in the Anglo American Tradition; Alireza Sagharchi The Durable and the Disposable; Thomas Gordon Smith The Durability of Strength Function and Beauty in Ecclesial Projects; Nikolaos Karydis Learning from the Vernacular Building Systems of the East Aegean Traditional Examples of Durable Construction in a Seismic Region; Aimee Buccellato The Responsibility of Technology vs The Technology of Responsibility; Ettore Mazzola Regenerating Suburban Districts Urban proposal for the Groundscraper of Corviale Near Rome; John Cluver They Don t Make Em Like They Used To A Preserv. There is a uiet but passionate GROUP OF ARCHITECTS HISTORIANS PLANNERS AND of architects historians planners and construction industry figures who are presently swimming against the predominant zeitgeist of impermanent utility as the endgame for contemporary construction Unfortunately for them building codes and industry standards have marginalized their prescriptive influence as planners and guardians of Civilization with a capital C Generally architecture s critics schools and planning committees have ostracized architectural permanence on grounds of uasi sustainability walls of heavy masonry and thermal mass are deemed insufficient in their energy consumption to sustain their place in a society in their energy consumption to sustain their place in a society the reduction of its carbon footprint Thus R Values a metric of insulation efficiency which function as Get Out Of Jail Free cards for architects justifying the societal #Value Of Their Latest Amalgamation Of Culturally #of their latest amalgamation of culturally condescending garbage That s not to say modern cavity wall and frame construction is entirely free of masterpieces durability or beauty It s certainly not uality architecture doesn t discriminate against technology or style On the contrary the problem is simply the rate of success The batting average of contemporary architects is utterly miserable in large part because it is so boundless in its formal characteristics and means of construction which create an overly pluralistic and synthetic built environment as seen in the limited number of contemporary neighborhoods that are enviable Each successive ear this holistic failure of contemporary buildings has eroded the public s confidence in contemporary architectureOkay so how what This book attempts to make an argument for traditional construction and stylistic standards I would say this is a relatively pre emptive argument Why do I say pre emptive Because uite simply society still tolerates contemporary architecture s rate of. For centuries the idea of durability was central to the practice of architecture Today ephemeral short term construction has become normative With the topic of sustainability now at the top of professional academic and political agendas a building s ability to endure longer than the immediate reuirements of its user for the benefit of future generations is being recognized again as critical Assembled here are the thoughts experiences and examples of finished work and projects under construction by architects who embrace the notion of durability in their buildings and promote it in their writings The essays underscore the importance of the notion of an enduring architecture and reveal the principles at stake; they highlight the many obstacles and difficulties encountered by traditional architects in their efforts to achieve permanence in construction The works and writings showcased in this beautifully illustrated informative book present a gen. .

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 Durability in Construction: Traditions and Sustainability in 21st Century Architecture