(PDF DOWNLOAD) Fear Anti Semitism in Poland after Auschwitz An Essay in Historical Interpretation AUTHOR Jan Tomasz Gross

Derstand how most human beings will behave given the right circumstances in this particular case under Nazi occupation and its immediate aftermathFear by Jan Gross focuses tightly on the phenomenon of anti Semitism in Poland after the Second World War One cannot help but wonder how this phenomenon has evolved today in a nation that has Not Yet Faced Up To yet faced up to own part in the murder of its Jewish population and in certain areas continues today to deny its own complicity in those murders This book is not an attack on Poland or its people as many have claimed but an attempt to understand Why Anti Semitism Was Not anti Semitism was not but rather increased in Poland in the aftermath of the death camps and the brutal murder of three million Polish Jews on Polish soil and before the eyes of their ethic Polish neighborsDuring and after the nearly unthinkable pogrom of Kielce the main event in this book Holocaust survivor Jews were accused of killing Christian children to make matzo Boy scouts policemen soldiers mothers and fathers took part in the bloodshed and murder that occurred here In fact no one ever saw a Christian child murdered for their blood If Hitler himself had cited this medieval rubbish during the Nuremberg rally he would have been ridiculed Yet in Kielce indeed throughout Poland it was accepted by rational individuals Did they really believe they were protecting Christian children by murdering their Jewish neighbors Jews were also blamed for the Communism that oppressed Poland in the aftermath of WWII even though proportionally few Jews held positions of authority Communism was generally enforced by Polish thugs and Gross interesting points out that those who most compliant were those who had also collaborated with the Nazis This fact was ignored in 1946 during the pogrom in Kielce and the murders throughout the rest of Poland ust as it is probably generally ignored todayGross works his argument methodically toward the main point and revelation of the book that Polish atrocities in the aftermath of the death camps have at their root Polish complicity and Polish guilt The Roman Tacitus wrote It is human nature to hate the man whom you have injured Jews were murdered threatened and brutalised in Poland after Auchwitz Treblinka Sobibor and other hellish places not because they were a genuine threat but because of what the Poles had done to the Jews The Nazi murdered their neighbors and most Poles did nothing They Stole And Plundered Their Property Enriching stole and plundered their property enriching in the most opportunistic fashion The Jews who returned from the flames of the Holocaust reminded Poles of their own sinsI wonder how much this is at the root of modern Polish anti Semitism A woman I met a few years ago in Warsaw said to me If you ask me all of Poland needs therapy Somehow after reading this book I have the strongest sense that Poland as a nation cannot move forward to find its rightful place in Europe and the world until it faces up to its own past and is then able to move forward Gross s work is but the first ste. Tween the Communist regime and a society filled with people who had participated in the Nazi campaign of murder and plunder people for whom Jewish survivors were a standing reproach The Polish poet Czeslaw Milosz said that Poland's Communist rulers fulfilled the dream of Polish nationalists by bringing into existence an ethnically pure stateFor than half a century what happened to Jewish Holocaust survivors in Poland has been cloaked in guilt and shame Writing with passion brilliance and fierce clarity Gross at last brings the truth to ligh.

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One of the paramount underlying reasons of conflict between Poles and *Jews after the war had to do with the illicit transfer *after the war had to do with the illicit transfer material property from Jewish ownership during the war 39The conceptual and emotional fog veiling this story lifts somewhat only after ownership during the war 39The conceptual and emotional fog veiling this story lifts somewhat only after recognize that Jewish survivors were an unbearable sore spot because they had been victimized by their Polish neighbors for centuries but especially during the Nazi occupation 164The local population enthusiastically welcomed and collaborated with the German liberators and it participated in mass killings of Jews 185 What do you want with these special Jewish pains I feel as close to the wretched victims of the rubber plantations in Putumayo and the blacks of Africa I have no special corner in my heart for the ghetto I am at home in the entire world where there are clouds and birds and human tears Rosa Luxemburg to Mathilde Wurm 195Eastern European Communists wanted to authenticate themselves as the only organizational embodiment of true national interest in the societies where they were politically active To reach this goal they did not shy away from playing on xenophobia and ethnic prejudice 239Living Jews embodied the massive failure of character and reason on the part of their Polish massive failure of character and reason on the part of their Polish and constituted by mere presence both a reminder and a threat that they might need to account for themselves 248 Wow I like to think of myself as well read and not easily shocked yet this was a terrifying read describing the moral breakdown of an entire country This is a must read for people interested in the Holocaust This book angers Poles because it punctures the bubble of innocent victimhood in which Poles wrap themselves as the Christ of Nations a metaphor exploded when the would be martyr is himself exposed as a torturer and robber of HebrewsThose who one star this book and write long winded disparaging diatribes and apologia are I fear the very types who would have engaged in the pogroms discussed had they been alive at the time and possibly were The arguments against this book put forth by Poles are uite analogous to Dixie revisionists who convolutedly insist the civil war wasn t about slavery or raceThis kind of denial makes one sadly reflect that the God of the Old Testament was indeed looking on Poland in 1946 and had a sense of humor forty years of Communist atheist imprisonment is a relatively light sentence for mass murder unrepentantBitter irony too in that so many young Jews looked to Palestine for deliverance from a Polish homeland that had never been a home where displacement and dispossession were created anew and continue to do unto others as was done to them A fundamental reading Especially when we still live in times in which the Prime Minister of Poland can say that abtisemitism in Poland is a product of something said by an Israeli minister about the antisemitism in Poland Many reviewers have found Gross writing unattractive but I have to disagree I thought he did a marvellous ob writing in a balanced way abou. Poland suffered an exceedingly brutal Nazi occupation during the Second World War Close to five million Poles were killed Of these than half were Jews killed in the Holocaust Ninety percent of the world's second largest Jewish community was annihilated But despite the calamity shared by Poland's Jews and non Jews anti Semitic violence did not stop in Poland with the end of the war Jewish Holocaust survivors returning to their Polish hometowns after the war experienced widespread hostility including murder at the hands of their neighbors The. T instances of inexplicable horror after WWII had ended Again and again he points out that Poland had suffered greatly during the war was let down by the Allied forces and sold into a Soviet rule that its population opposed but had no chance to escape Gross never lets the reader forget about those circumstances and you get the impression that the author is ust as surprised at the horrors suffered by Polish Jews at the hands of their Polish neighbours as the reader is When he does take a stand and Jews at the hands of their Polish neighbours as the reader is When he does take a stand and an outright condemnation then it really hurtsGross is an intelligent commentator and his conclusions are very well presented He holds back a commentator and his conclusions are very well presented He holds back a in my opinion when it comes to the psychological aspects What it boils down to is an inescapable human meanness that makes people who have been hurt take their aggressions out on those who have suffered even Post war pogroms and violent anti Semitism as presented here are the results of greed hatred and a convenient world view that dehumanises those you have an opportunity to hurt After finishing this book I m inclined to adopt a world view in which people are nothing than animals that have words oh so many words to ustify their animalistic behaviour Very scholarly Lots of repetition but it is a story that needs to be told This is a long and difficult read and at times mentally draining One simply cannot fathom the following two things that pogroms and anti Semitic attacks occurred literally when the true monstrous extent of the Nazis actions was still being revealed to the world and that non Jewish Poles who had hidden Jews during the war had to keep secret their heroic actions for fear of violence against them And to think the appalling actions the Polish government has taken recently to further remove itself from being labeled as complicit with the Nazis even though many Poles were in the annihilation of Polish Jews Excellent documentation and explanation of incredibly disturbing and upsetting events During WWII ninety percent of Poland s Jewish population disappeared exterminated by the Nazis primarily in their infamous death camps This is the story about what happened to the surviving ten percent approximately 200000 300000 when they returned to their native Poland after the war ended They were greeted by a wide range of anti Jewish practices they were threatened they were prevented from reclaiming their property and in one particularly violent episode the pogrom in Kielce July 1946 many were killed some with deliberate cruelty Whether at work or in a government office in the street on a train or in a classroom Polish Jews encountered hostility Most of these surviving Jews gripped with terror took the hint and fled to Palestine or to the westCourageous Poles who had saved Jewish children were also This is not a beautifully written book It of an academic work a hugely important one that should be read by as wide an audience as possible Readers should struggle through its painstaking prose to take on board its importance and its attempt to un. Bloodiest peacetime pogrom in twentieth century Europe took place in Kielce Poland a year after the war ended Jan Gross's Fear is a detailed reconstruction of this pogrom and the Polish reactions to it that attempts to answer a perplexing uestion How was anti Semitism possible in Poland after the warGross argues that postwar Polish anti Semitism cannot be understood simply as a continuation of prewar attitudes Rather it developed in the context of the Holocaust and the Communist takeover Anti Semitism eventually became a common currency be.
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Fear Anti Semitism in Poland after Auschwitz An Essay in Historical Interpretation