EBOOK or PDF (India: The Ancient Past: A History of the Indian Sub–Continent from c. 7000 BC to AD 1200) ò Burjor Avari
Nymphs of North American Stonefly Genera (Plecoptera), 2nd Edition lMst India born British author of this book Burjor Avari describes in this rather shortength book history of ancient India The author takes us on a journey of various stages of ancient India starting from prehistoric times till 1200 AD The author seems to have done rather good research and uotes numerous references and makes it clear at the very start that he has borrowed heavily from various sources The The Allure of Battle: A History of How Wars Have Been Won and Lost language of the text isucid and engrossing which is to say a ot since I personally was under an impression that owing to paucity of resources from this particular time period this book might be a drag I can t say I am disappointedThe author picks up various time periods and touches up various areas of that particular period such as political economic social religious etc Although the author has tried to present var The book talks about numerable oft not so popular facets of Indian history the ones usually not taught in school Some fasinating things I earned were1 the places Fa hien visited Peshawar Kanauj Kashi Kapilavastu Kusinagar Vaishali Pataliputra and several other Buddhist sites and A Fiddler for the Abbey leavingater from Tamrapalli towards Ceylon2 That Aryabhata could have been a native of kerala given he worked at both kusumpura and Nalanda3 the women who did not commit sati Rati kunti uttara dusala these were given as instances by Kalhana in Rajtangi while deprecating the custom of Sati4 French sculptor Rodin called the depiction of tandava as the most perfect representation of rhythmic movement in art 5 Anaandavardhana and his treatise on the dhvani called DhvanyalokaHe states that all poetic work is endowed with three powers denoting in a factual way implying something obliuely or suggesting an imaginative vist This was further refined by Kashmir Scholar Abhinavagupta6 Sanskritists such as Dignaga and Dandin existed in Pallava period7 Kalhana s very objective way of treating history In his opinion a historian must have a vision he must be impartial he should present his version of the story from his own perspective and he must be able to synthesise a number of previous accounts into a coherent wholeand many other titbits of ancient history The only issue I had is that Avari is a believer in the Aryan invasion theory and this view seems a bit dated I am generally very interested in history and in the politically charged atmosphere of the country right now India I thought it would be nice to go back and read a bit about the country s past I wasn t dissapointed the most interesting aspect of this book for me were the various sources from where I could read about ancient India It mentions several books for detailed study of the country s past It is in general a very well researched book The mention of certain concepts from the countries intellectual and cultural past Michel Foucault's Force of Flight Contemporary Studies in Philosophy and the Human Sciences like Dhvani Elora Paintings Number System Musical Notes among others had me in awe Even in a textbookike format there is a certain humour at Oeuvres complètes, tome 1: Les Robinsons du cosmos - Ceux de nulle part - Terre en fuite - Sur un monde stérile least to me in the commentaries of the author which had me giggling ateast a dozen times if not Being an Indian and imagining certain things personally and clearly made this a delightful read An excellent book on the ancient history of India which remains readable and insightful throughoutGreat detail has been put into the history of the northern and central regions of India Only the The Demonologist The Extraordinary Career of Ed and Lorraine Warren last two chapters are dedicated to the southern region so I hope future editions providing they come into existence expand these into A good holistic account of the development of Indian culture and civilisation from the paleolithic age to 1200 CE Burjor Avari is not a professional historian but he uses good sources for this account The only drawback is that South Indian history isn t given as much attention as that of the North It s a textbook I wanted to understand the history of India given its not something discussed in mainstream mediaOkay read but is a textbook The history of ancient India Ancient India evolved in many stages and in this book the author discusses the very early stages from 7000 BC to 1200 AD that includes the earliest known human settlements in the Northwest frontier An examination of their society the development of early Indo Europeananguage and a proto Vedic culture that grew into modern Hinduism is a fascinating story of human evolution The book discusses social political and religious activities during various periods in India in separate chapters for a #FOCUSED DISCUSSION THIS BOOK ALSO DOCUMENTS VERY RECENT DISCOVERIES #discussion This book also documents very recent discoveries the origin of ancient Sanskrit the Vedic Aryans and the beginnings of the earliest writings of
the sacred scriptures of Rigveda in the cradles of Indus Valley Civilization It is fascinating to read some of the proudest sacred scriptures of Rigveda in the cradles of Indus Valley Civilization It is fascinating to read some of the proudest in the history due to its success in the development of religious spiritual and metaphysical ideas There was also a tremendous contribution in the area of business and economics international trade arts sciences mathematics astronomy and Srimad Bhagavatam literature In ancient world most religionsike Vedic Brahmanism were polytheistic with the exception of Buddhism and JainismA brief summary of this book is as follows The first section is devoted to the discussion of the history of Vedic Aryans and evolution of ancient Sanskrit and revelation of Rigveda to sages and rishis In recent years multidisciplinary studies in archeology anthropology genetics classical philology and The Upanishads linguistics have shed muchight into the origins of Indo Europeans and the parent Indo European Her Teacher language from two distinct groups of people the hunter gatherers and the farmerspastoralists In the beginning the ancient populations in Europe and Asia were divided into individual archaeological cultures with distinctive types of pottery and cultural practices associated with burials and settlements With the advent of genetics and genome seuencing the different groups could be reconciled with genome data that explains the origin and migrations of ancient people in Eurasia This in turn also explain the source of the parent Indo Europeananguage that resulted in diverse Date with the Devil languages in Europe and Asia that includes English Spanish Italian French Greek Russian Hindi Persian etc The similarities among theseanguages are based on shared features of vocabulary and grammar Genome seuencing of ancient human skeletons from Europe and Asia have revealed population genealogy of original hunter gatherers and the first farmers who appeared around 8000 years ago The farmers increased their dominance over hunter gatherers until the early Bronze Age at about 3500 BC Farmers throughout much of Europe had hunter gatherer ancestry than their predecessors But the *RussianUkrainian grasslands north of the Black Sea the Yamnaya steppe herders descended not only from the * grasslands north of the Black Sea the Yamnaya steppe herders descended not only from the eastern European hunter gatherers but also from a population of Near Eastern ancestry Western and Eastern Europe came into contact at about 4500 BC The first Indo European Undaunted (The Kings of Retribution MC, languages started to spread around this time Yamnaya were the first to introduce Indo Europeananguage to Europe and Asia the size of the genetic input suggests that it brought at La casa ue arde de noche least major parts This is called Steppe hypothesis which proposes that early Indo European speakers were farmers on the grasslands north of the Black and Caspian Seas The Indo Europeananguages spoken in Iran and India had probably already diverged from the Yamnaya herder society perhaps few centuries earlier before they blazed a trail into Europe from the north of Black and Caspian SeasAncient people were ritualistic and performed animal sacrifices to ward off evil and to please various gods Pre Jewish Canaanite religion was very much connected to Vedic traditions They were polytheistic and most of them were nature gods with cyclical view of time Similar beliefs also existed in the Egyptian religion the Roman religion Greek and Babylonian religions Many of these gods had very similar names and their functions were similar to those of Rig Vedic gods Zoroastrianism born in Persia had many cultural practices that were in common with Vedic traditions Strong inguistic and cultural similarities between the Zoroastrianism texts of the Avesta and f the Vedas reflect the common beliefs of Proto Indo Iranian cultures before they were separated and Vedic Aryans moved east to India where Rig Veda was known to have been revealed to sages. This carefully crafted study presents the fascinating story of the development and establishment of India's culture and civilization from early pre history through to the early second millenniumEncompassing topics such as the Harappan Civilization the rise of Hindu culture the influx of Islam. ,
French Greek Russian Hindi Persian etc The similarities among these Strohbär languages are based on shared features of vocabulary and grammar Genome seuencing of ancient human skeletons from Europe and Asia have revealed population genealogy of original hunter gatherers and the first farmers who appeared around 8000 years ago The farmers increased their dominance over hunter gatherers until the early Bronze Age at about 3500 BC Farmers throughout much of Europe had hunter gatherer ancestry than their predecessors But the RussianUkrainian grasslands north of the Black Sea the Yamnaya steppe herders descended not only from the preceding eastern European hunter gatherers but also from a population of Near Eastern ancestry Western and Eastern Europe came into contact at about 4500 BC The first Indo Europeananguages started to spread around this time Yamnaya were the first to introduce Indo European سيناريو فيلم (إسكندرية... ليه؟) لـ يوسف شاهين language to Europe and Asia the size of the genetic input suggests that it brought ateast major parts This is called Steppe hypothesis which proposes that early Indo European speakers were farmers on the grasslands north of the Black and Caspian Seas The Indo European Sex Signals: The Biology of Love languages spoken in Iran and India had probably already diverged from the Yamnaya herder society perhaps few centuries earlier before they blazed a trail into Europe from the north of Black and Caspian SeasAncient people were ritualistic and performed animal sacrifices to ward off evil and to please various gods Pre Jewish Canaanite religion was very much connected to Vedic traditions They were polytheistic and most of them were nature gods with cyclical view of time Similar beliefs also existed in the Egyptian religion the Roman religion Greek and Babylonian religions Many of these gods had very similar names and their functions were similar to those of Rig Vedic gods Zoroastrianism born in Persia had many cultural practices that were in common with Vedic traditions Stronginguistic and cultural similarities between the Zoroastrianism texts of the Avesta and f the Vedas reflect the common beliefs of Proto Indo Iranian cultures before they were separated and Vedic Aryans moved east to India where Rig Veda was known to have been revealed to sages and rishis by gods Common religious practices among ancient religions are supported by archeological digs A 6000 year old temple with sacrificial altars and humanlike figurines were discovered in a prehistoric settlement in Ukraine near modern day Nebelivka This settlement is almost twice the size of the National Mall in Washington DC with than 1200 buildings and 50 streets The migration of the pastoralists from these Deerly Delectable lands spread the proto Indo Europeananguage They also carried skills of farming and herding and the cultural practices such as fire rituals to connect with nature gods to distant A Handful of Dust lands There is a general consensus among archeologists that the mature Harappan period known as Indus Valley Civilizationasted from about 2600 BC to 1900 BC The period 4500 to 3500 BC is an age of transition and 3500 to 2600 BC is regarded as early Harappan period The Vedic Hindu culture began around 2000 BC and spanned for about 1500 years unhindered but then Buddhist and Jain teachings came to dominate the Indian society Buddhism offered a serious challenge to the Vedic Brahmanic culture until Adi Shankara appeared 788 820 AD to reform and revive Hinduism from possible extinction In spite of religious and cultural tensions between various indigenous belief systems that sprang on Indian soil the classical civilization grew unimpeded Much of this was as a result of the partnership of Vedic Hindus Buddhists Jains the dissenters and atheists In fact there were plenty of atheists in Vedic India Dissent and atheism helped intellectual progress in a purely academic fashion that helped to strengthen various schools of Indian philosophy A decline around 1900 BC in the dynamics of Harappan economic system ended the civilization and after 1700 BC Heaven Next Stop A Luftwaffe Fighter Pilot at War little remained of this culture Until recently it was believed that invading Aryans destroyed the Indus culture but scholars now consider a combination of natural and socioeconomic factorsed to the decline of Indus cities This conclusion is based on geological and archeological studies Rivers shifting the course and severe draught may have resulted in total collapse of the agriculture and affected the ivelihood that depended on it The earliest hymns of Rig Veda were written in 1700 BC #and it was orally transmitted with extreme fidelity The caste system helped in this practice since #it was orally transmitted with extreme fidelity The caste system helped in this practice since upper caste Brahmins passed on it on to their children It was written down after
500 BC The Sixth Century BC Was A Period ThatBC The sixth century BC was a period that watershed in the history of speculative ideas By then the Vedic society had become highly stratified and gross ineuality pervading its structure There was a sense of injustice and dissent among ordinary populace The emergence of Buddhism and Jainism is what was necessary to combat the growing power and authority of the priestly population Both these religions rooted in renunciation of the worldly pleasures and wealth was trying to bring justice and social euality among sudras and vaisya population of Vedic caste hierarchy Three major dynasties guided the capital city of Magadha between the middle of the sixth century BC when the empire of Mauryas was proclaimed from Pataliputra Bimbisara and Ajatasatru were the first two kings The most notable Maurya was Emperor Asoka who reigned from Afghanistan to parts of South India and sent ambassadors and Buddhist missionaries to China Japan and the Middle East This is one of the proudest moments in the history of ancient India With the fall of Mauryan Empire was accompanied by the oss of pan Indian authority exercised from Pataliputra to Magadha A number of competing power centers in different regions of India came into existence The political diffusion in the post Mauryan period and the emergence of monarchies with foreign roots is interesting since historians have a huge scale of available evidence From Royal inscriptions the shastras the secular Asking About Sex and Growing Up: A Question-and-Answer Book for Boys and Girls literature Buddhist religious and secular texts and the Tamil anthologies foreigniterary sources from China Syria Greece Persia and Egypt gives credence to the political and commercial setting of this period From about 200 BC the transition from proto historical to historical period is clearly evident Kushans maintained a powerful dominion over North India until at east up to 250 AD and their trans Asian empire from Aral Sea to Kashi Eastern Iran Afghanistan and North Western part of India was great expanse of and and the great conduits for India s international trade The beginnings of India s international trade began as early as 2500 BC when Harappan civilization traded with Romans Greece Mesopotamia and the Persian Gulf This trade relationship continued through the Mauryan period and grew rapidly in its sophistication with sound commercial infrastructure The book shows diagrammatic sketches of the international trade that went as far as Rome to the West and as far as Indonesia to the East and China to the north These are some of the proudest moments in Indian business and economics Indian merchants and Buddhist missionaries also forged a powerful alliance of interests Buddhism became a strong influence in China and Japan The Silk Road traded silk between China and Rome though India During the post Mauryan period in several kingdoms Vedic Brahmanism was brought back but with some reforms in its teachings This Pertumbuhan Seni Pertunjukan led to the beginning of two forms of modern Hinduism in the form of Vaishnavism and Saivism They centered around three concepts the supreme deity is either Vishnu or Siva and the salvation is through Lord Vishnu and Siva respectively This is said to be achieved by the intense devotion bhakti of the godhead The two traditions did not break away from Vedic Brahmanism but rejected some practices such as animal sacrifices and expressed tolerance toower castes I strongly recommend this book to anyone interested in ancient history Indus Valley Civilization the beginnings of Indo European anguage and evolution of modern Hinduism It is fascinating to read about the vast period the author focuses in his discussion with significant details You will come across some of the proudest moments in the history of India. Ce extracts at the end of each chapter for review and reflection uestions for discussionThis book provides comprehensive coverage of the political spiritual cultural and geographical history of India making it an enriching read for anyone with an interest in this captivating period of history.