[Pdf/E–pub] (Manufacturing Consent The Political Economy of the Mass Media) by Edward S. Herman

Manufacturing Consent The Political Economy of the Mass Media

Edward S. Herman ä 3 read

The general populace It is their unction to amuse entertain "And Inform And To Inculcate Individuals With The Values Beliefs "inform and to inculcate individuals with the values beliefs codes of behavior that will integrate them into the institutional structures of the larger society In world of concentrated wealth and major of class interest to ulfill this role reuires systematic propagandaThe maddening thing about this system is that unlike a totalitarian state or one in which power is largely concentrated in Some Monopolistic Bureaucratic Form It Is Much Difficult To See monopolistic bureaucratic orm it is much difficult to see propaganda system hard at work where there is no J'ai tir sur le fil du mensonge et tout est venu formal censorship and media are largely privately heldThis explains why media compete and sometimes expose corporate or government corruption and portray themselves via their own channels of advertising as looking outor the little guy But as Chomsky and Herman write What is not evident and remains undiscussed in the media is the limited nature of such critiues as well as the huge ineuality in command of resources and its effect both on access to a private media system and on its behavior and performanceA propaganda model the authors argue ocuses on the ineuality of wealth and power and its multilevel effects on mass media interests and choices It traces the routes by which money and power are able to ilter out the news Trespass Living at the Edge of the Promised Land fit to print marginalize dissent and allow the government and dominant private interests to get their messages across to the publicThe essential ingredients of the US propaganda model are asollows 1 the size concentrated ownership owner wealth and profit orientation of the dominant mass media Goliath : La Marche du fascisme firms 2 advertising as a primary income source of the mass media 3 the reliance of the media on information provided by government business and expertsunded and approved by these primary sources and agents of power 4 Rue Maruis De Sade flak as a means of disciplining the media and 5 anticommunism as a national religion and control mechanismIn example after example Chomsky and Herman show how these ingredients interact and reinforce each other Take the issue of worthy and unworthy victims The mainstream press New York Times Time Magazine etc spooned by government officials Tibet The Road Ahead finds the stories of victims of Soviet oppression to be worth heavy and sustained coverage But when a US client state Guatemala El Salvadorriendly to American business brutalizes and terrorizes and murders its civilian population the mainstream media look the other way or when they do pay attention they water down their coverage banish it to a brief on the back page or simply report verifiably Act of War false information Not exactly the work of aree and independent pressThe Vietnam War is another case example Contrary to the popularly held notion that the mass media turned the public against the war the media actually Vyssan lull favored the warrom its inception Conseils d'une amie pour des temps difficiles failing to raise even the mostundamental uestions of morality in the beginning and then as the war escalated publishing the outright lies of the Nixon Administration If you read the media then and perhaps even today you d think America was righteously defending South Vietnam Isan from the communists in North Vietnam Utterlyalse and the authors meticulously lay out the Dictionnaire amoureux de la chasse facts to prove itEven the most exhaustive of retrospective media documentaries about the Vietnam War stay true to the propaganda model calling the war a tragic error de. Ningless” Third World elections and devastating critiues of media coverage of the US wars against Indochina Herman and Chomsky draw on decades of criticism and research to propose a Propaganda Model to explain the media’s behavior and performance Their new introduction updates the Propaganda Model and the earlier case studies and it discusses several other applications These include the manner in which the media covered the passage of the North American Free Trade Agreement and subseuent Mexicaninancial meltdown. If you can slog through it not that it s written poorly it s just that the subjects that are covered have to most people the intrinsic appeal of lint analysis you will be rewarded with a "new way to look at the mass media and a new ramework with which you can apply "way to look at the mass media and a new ramework with which you can apply own critical analysisCongratulations This was one of the books that had a great impact on my life It s an amazing and comprehensive exploration of the origin development and operation of the modern media The authors come at this material rom the standpoint that the media authors come at this material rom the standpoint that the media primarily as a Powerful Tool For Social Control tool or social control world view presented in the media is essentially that of the ruling classes and the rest of us plebes are locked out of it all We are passive consumers of the bullshit being ed to us by large corporations and other powerful interests They do a good job supporting their claim solid scholarship I recallthough my standards have gotten a bit higher since them that almost all television and most magazine content is shameless propaganda or the dominant classes Read this book and then see if you can watch TV or read a paper in the same way againI doubt it The illusion of a mature awareness is a propaganda modelPlease note that I put the original German text at the end of this review Just if you might be interestedIn modern media it is important never to let the uncomfortable and in depth acts crawl too Le Maudit : (Histoires de Systèle, 8) far out of their sockets For this it is best to mention them in the shortest newsflashesor lousy airtime and in subsidiary columns with ten words It is a difficult but essential game If a media company orgets such a report one sees itself otherwise the criticism exposed not objectively to report Therefore the message about the controversial reform of the health system in the lower right in poorly legible ont size is slapped somewhere Praise the independence of the mediaThese techniues of concealing and hushing critical voices are revealed and explained I ve been a journalist or 15 years now and I ve often wondered how it is that the mass media in the United States manage to project the image of being defenders of democracy while actually deterring itHaving just read Manufacturing Consent The Political Economy of the Mass Media by Noam Chomsky and Edward Herman I inally understand as thoroughly as I ve always wanted toWhere to begin The Iron Trial for starters have you ever heard of worthy and unworthy victimsDid you know that the press wasar less the watchdog it was praised or being in covering the Watergate scandalRemember that Vietnam War documentary ilmed by an entity called Freedom House that essentially argued the media were responsible L'entreprise contre la pauvret : La dernire chance du libralisme for losing the war in Vietnam because they were too negative and anti government and biased and anti war In some circles that argument still holds weight having taken root in the American Mind as an almost obvious given It s total and complete bullshit as Chomsky and Herman showTo say the authors are scrupulous in taking on the above issues and much is an understatement This book is a true work of scholarship extremely well researched heavilyoot noted and Ashford Park filled with ample evidence to back up its central argument that the mass media in the US operate on aoundation of systematic propagandaChomsky and Herman write The mass media serve as a system or communicating messages and symbols to. In this pathbreaking work Edward S Herman and Noam Chomsky show that contrary to the usual image of the news media as cantankerous obstinate and ubiuitous in their search or truth and defense of justice in their actual practice they defend the economic social and political agendas of the privileged groups that dominate domestic society the state and the global orderBased on a series of case studies including the media’s dichotomous treatment of “worthy” versus “unworthy” victims “legitimizing” and “mea. Spite all of the evidence of criminal aggression by the US The authors write Our point is not that the retrospectives ail to draw what seem to us as to much of the population the obvious conclusions the significant and instructive point is that principled objection to the war of the population the obvious conclusions the significant and instructive point is that principled objection to the war undamentally wrong and immoral or as outright criminal aggression a war crime is inexpressible It is not part of the spectrum of discussion The background Le Prince mystre de l'Arabie for such a principled critiue cannot be developed in the media and the conclusions cannot be drawn It is not present even to be refuted Rather the idea is unthinkableManufacturing Consent was published in 1988 and the copy I read was a reprintrom 1994 I believe there is an updated expanded version and I kind of wish I had purchased that one instead of looking Les crimes passionnels t1 25 histoires vraies for the cheapest buy That s because I imagine the latest version delves into the right wing hysteria propagated by the likes of Fox News and because I imagine it also takes on the role of the Internet inragmenting media and arguably democratizing it by allowing essentially anyone to become a publisherAt least I imagine the latest version does these things Maybe it doesn t So I urge anyone interested in reading this most important work perhaps the best and most incisive dissection of media I have ever read to buy the most current edition And then tell me about I have ever read to buy the most current edition And then tell me about any case prepare to have the Dictionnaire Marcel Proust fog of our propaganda model and its central message that America is just great and with the exception of aew minor tactical errors is always on the side of Arrête avec tes mensonges freedom and democracy liftedrom your brain While Chomsky and Herman offer hope in the Underground form of nonprofit and public TV and radio programs and the dissident press they are under no illusions about the political economy of the mass media In sum they write the mass media of the United States are effective and powerful ideological institutions that carry out a system supportive propagandaunction by reliance on market Oscar Wilde et les crimes du Vatican (5) forces internalized assumptions and self censorship and without significant overt coercion This propaganda system has become even efficient in recent decades with the rise of the national television networks greater mass media concentration right wing pressures on public radio and television and the growth in scope and sophistication of public relations and news management On the even intellectual edge of the left Noam Chomsky has relentlesslyought against the blindness of American New Micro foreign policy and how the press manipulates public opinion to endorse and encourage catastrophes such as the Vietnam War and recently the disaster of the two Ira Wars the War in Afghanistan etc This book explains how the press even when it takes a slightly critical view of events is still at heart manipulating the truth in service of power The most recent example was Drumpf s use of misinformationalse news lies and the press blind belief in a solid Clinton victory which allowed him to sweep states that Obama had won in 2008 and 2012 and win the electoral college which naturally he had criticized as useless in 2012 The erudite vision of Chomsky is perhaps hard to stomach Underground Railroad for those who wish to guard their blinders but nonetheless he has been right time after timeOn a side note last year s Independantilm Captain Fantastic does a beautiful and moving to me anyway homage to Noam Happy readin. Of 1994 1995 the media’s handling of the protests against the World Trade Organization World Bank and International Monetary Fund in 1999 and 2000 and the media’s treatment of the chemical industry and its regulation What emerges Le terrorisme intellectuel de 1945 à nos jours from this work is a powerful assessment of how propagandistic the US mass media are how they systematicallyail to live up to their self image as providers of the kind of information that people need to make sense of the world and how we can understand their Lonely Planet Mauritius, Reunion & Seychelles (Multi Country Guide) function in a radically new wa.